Data protection impact assessments
Published by the Information Commissioners Office in the UK.
At a glance
- A Data Protection Impact Assessment (DPIA) is a process to help you identify and minimise the data protection risks of a project.
- You must do a DPIA for processing that is likely to result in a high risk to individuals. This includes some specified types of processing. You can use our screening checklists to help you decide when to do a DPIA.
- It is also good practice to do a DPIA for any other major project which requires the processing of personal data.
- Your DPIA must:
- describe the nature, scope, context and purposes of the processing;
- assess necessity, proportionality and compliance measures;
- identify and assess risks to individuals; and
- identify any additional measures to mitigate those risks.
- To assess the level of risk, you must consider both the likelihood and the severity of any impact on individuals. High risk could result from either a high probability of some harm, or a lower possibility of serious harm.
- You should consult your data protection officer (if you have one) and, where appropriate, individuals and relevant experts. Any processors may also need to assist you.
- If you identify a high risk that you cannot mitigate, you must consult the ICO before starting the processing.
- If you are processing for law-enforcement purposes, you should read this alongside the Guide to Law Enforcement Processing.
- The ICO will give written advice within eight weeks or 14 weeks in complex cases. If appropriate, we may issue a formal warning not to process the data, or ban the processing altogether.
DPIA awareness checklist
FTC Takes Action against Companies Falsely Claiming Compliance with the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield, Other International Privacy Agreements
European Data Protection Board – Eleventh Plenary session: Guidelines on Codes of Conduct, annex to the Guidelines on Accreditation, annex to the Guidelines on Certification